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AGIP, an acronym for Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli, is an Italian oil company. Established in 1926, it evolved as a state-owned entity before becoming part of the multinational energy group, Eni, in 1953. Agip’s operations historically encompassed oil and gas exploration, production, and refining. Notably recognized for its distinctive six-legged dog logo, Agip has been a prominent brand in the European oil industry, also operating a vast network of service stations. Its integration into Eni marked a significant consolidation in Italy’s energy sector, enhancing global outreach.

Meaning and history

AGIP Logo history

AGIP was founded in 1926. Initially, it was part of the Italian state’s strategy to nationalize its oil and gas resources and reduce dependence on foreign oil. AGIP quickly established itself in the oil exploration and production sector, becoming a key player in the Italian energy market.

During the 1930s and 1940s, AGIP expanded its operations, focusing on exploration in the Mediterranean region. This period saw AGIP making significant oil discoveries, notably in the Middle East. However, World War II significantly impacted its operations, with many facilities damaged or destroyed.

Post-war reconstruction and industrialization in Italy saw AGIP play a crucial role. In the 1950s, Italy’s energy policy shifted towards integration and consolidation of its oil and gas industry. This led to the creation of Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (ENI) in 1953, a state-owned conglomerate, under which AGIP was restructured and integrated. ENI’s formation marked a significant change in AGIP’s history, transforming it from a national company into part of a global energy player.

Under ENI, AGIP expanded its international presence. It ventured into new territories, exploring and producing oil and gas in Africa, South America, and Asia. AGIP also diversified into petrochemicals, refining, and distribution, establishing a network of service stations across Europe, known for its iconic six-legged dog logo.

The 1970s and 1980s were marked by challenges due to fluctuating oil prices and changing global energy dynamics. Despite these, AGIP maintained a steady course, focusing on technological innovation and environmental sustainability.

In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, AGIP continued to grow, although it faced competition and regulatory challenges. The company further diversified its energy portfolio, investing in renewable energy sources and adopting advanced technologies in exploration and production.

The most significant change in recent years came with the restructuring of ENI and the gradual phasing out of the AGIP brand. This transformation marked the end of an era for AGIP as a standalone brand, as ENI streamlined its operations and rebranded many of AGIP’s service stations and operations under the ENI name.

Today, AGIP’s legacy continues within ENI, contributing to its status as a global energy leader. The company’s journey reflects the broader trends in the oil and gas industry, from nationalization and consolidation to globalization and diversification, adapting to the ever-changing energy landscape.

1926 – 1940

AGIP Logo 1926

The visual emblem presented is a graphic identity for the AGIP brand, characterized by the uppercase inscription “AGIP” set in an assertive, slanted typeface that conveys a sense of dynamism and progress. The typography is bathed in a vivid shade of orange, reminiscent of the energizing glow of a sunset, embodying the company’s energetic spirit. This lettering is ensconced within a concentric, two-layered annulus. The outermost band is painted in a lush, leafy green, symbolizing renewal and environmental consciousness, while the innermost edge is outlined in a subtle, paler shade that softly embraces the central text. Together, the elements of the design marry the heritage of the brand with an innovative and ecologically aware direction.

1940 – 1971

AGIP Logo 1940

This image portrays a stark, monochromatic version of the AGIP logo. The letters “AGIP” are displayed in a hefty, sans-serif typeface, exuding a no-nonsense, authoritative presence. Unlike the previous logo, there are no colors or additional design elements—just the solid, black letters against a plain background, which speaks to a more minimalist and modern aesthetic. This pared-down style contrasts with the earlier logo’s energetic orange and green hues, which conveyed warmth and a connection to nature. The absence of any embellishment or color in this version suggests a streamlined, possibly more contemporary corporate identity.

1952 – 1971

AGIP Logo 1952

The image showcases a mythic creature in silhouette, set against a bright yellow backdrop, which stands in contrast to the previous textual logos. This graphic emblem features a black, stylized, six-legged dog with a mane, exuding a sense of power and mythological essence. The creature is breathing out a red flame, adding a dynamic flair indicative of energy and transformation. This logo diverges from the prior minimalist text-based designs by introducing a vivid visual story that symbolizes vigor and motion, and it aligns with the company’s energetic approach to innovation and progress.

1957 – 1971

AGIP Logo 1957

The image displays the AGIP logo, a balanced fusion of text and emblem. On the left, “AGIP” is written in bold, block letters against a yellow square, signifying clarity and energy. To the right, the mythical six-legged dog stands in a similar yellow square, its silhouette black and pronounced, exhaling a fiery red tongue of flame. This logo synthesizes the starkness of the monochrome text from the previous version and the vivid, story-rich creature emblem, marrying textual simplicity with visual symbolism, capturing the brand’s essence in a singular, cohesive design.

1971 – 2009

AGIP Logo 1971

The logo juxtaposes the iconic six-legged dog in a yellow square above the brand name “Agip,” suggesting a hierarchy. The text is stylized with a modern, artistic twist, diverging from the solid block letters of previous designs. This layout maintains the brand’s visual elements—black text, yellow background, and the red flame—but presents them in a layered, vertical orientation that enhances the graphic’s depth and dimensionality. It marks a subtle evolution, maintaining core identity elements while refreshing the brand’s presentation.

2009 – Today


The image features the six-legged dog, a mythical symbol of Agip, atop a yellow rectangle. Beneath, “eni” is inscribed in lowercase, rounded characters, creating a stark contrast to the Agip logo’s uppercase, angular font. This design signifies a notable brand transition, highlighting ENI’s takeover and integrating Agip’s identity into its own. The vivid yellow, black silhouette, and red flame remain, preserving the legacy while signaling a new chapter in the corporate narrative.